Join Lessons
Try 1 English Class
  • 7 Day Free
    Online English Course

    Free

     

     

    Download

  • Free Guides

  • Free eBook

  • All our Teachers are
    Native English Speakers
    From US/UK

    Find A Teacher

  • Already know basic Grammar and Vocabulary?
    You need Practice Speaking.
    Not Theory!

    Try

     

    Our Method

  • 7 Advanced English Grammar Rules That Confuse Even Fluent Speakers

    Learning English grammar and its rules may seem hard in the beginning but once learnt, you will always remember and appreciate the ability to apply these rules when speaking and writing in English.  Learning English as a second language can be confusing whereas English grammar comes naturally to native English speakers.  As people, we all need to be able to converse with one another and it is very important to be able to use English grammar correctly.  Once you have learnt these rules, you will always remember how to use them.  Here are my seven advanced English grammar rules that confuse even fluent English speakers:

     

    CORRECT WORD ORDER

     

    In English, sentences are constructed as follows:

     

    Subject then verb then object

     

    For example   I bought a new coat

    He does not like dogs

    She talks to her friends

    I will give the present to her tomorrow.

    We will go to the party on Saturday evening.

    It will rain tomorrow.

    It was snowing yesterday.

    The dog has just had 7 puppies.

    You went to the cinema yesterday.

     

     

    DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THAT AND WHICH

     

    THAT                 defines something

    WHICH             informs us or connects 2 parts of a sentence.

     

    For example

     

    THAT                 This is the cake that I made.

    Is that the person you want me to speak to?

    WHICH             This is the cake which I made earlier today.

    Which is the way to the station?

     

    Already know these Advanced English grammar rules but want to improve fluency? Try our Conversational method

    Spoken English Trial Lesson

     

    CONDITIONALS

     

    Not all the sentences we write or say locate events in the present, the future or the past.

     

    Form:                If + present simple + will

     

    Meaning:          Describes probable events in the future

     

    Examples:        If you leave now, you will catch the train.

    If they study hard, they will pass their exams.

     

     

    Form:                If + past simple + would (you could also use could or might)

     

    Meaning:          You are imagining a different situation

     

    Examples:        If I had more money, I would travel.

    If I ran the world, I would give free education to everyone.

     

     

    Form:                If + past perfect + would have (you could also use could have or might have) + past participle)

     

    Meaning:          Describes events in the past, which did not happen.

     

    Examples:        If you had worked harder, you would have passed your exams.

    If I had known you were ill, I would have visited you in hospital.

     

     

    DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WHO AND WHOM

     

    The difference between who and whom is that who is used to describe subject and whom is used for objects.

     

    For example

     

    Who                   The prize goes to the student who does the best in the exam.

    Whom               You will work with our new partner, whom you will meet at the meeting this afternoon.

     

     

    IRREGULAR VERBS

     

    Conjugation of irregular verbs from the present tense to the past tenses can be difficult.  Here are some examples of irregular verbs and how they change in the past tense.

     

    Irregular verb              Past tense of this irregular verb

     

    Build                                built

    Come                               came

    Do                                     did

    Drink                               drank

    Eat                                    ate

    Feel                                  felt

    Forget                              forgot

    Forgive                           forgave

    Get                                    got

    Give                                  gave

    Keep                                 kept

    Meet                                 met

    See                                    saw

    Sit                                      sat

    Sleep                                slept

    Speak                               spoke

    Wake                               woke

    Win                                   won

    Write                               wrote

     

     

    PLURALS

     

    It is important to learn the plural forms of nouns so here are examples:

     

    For most nouns when they are in the plural form you add an ‘s’ at the end of the words.

     

    1 bottle                           2 bottles

    1 cat                                 2 cats

    1 pencil                           3 pencils

    1 desk                              4 desks

    1 dog                                5 dogs

    1 pig                                 6 dogs

    1 toy                                 3 toys

     

    For nouns that end in –ch, -x, -s here are some examples and as you will see –es is added.

     

    1 box                                4 boxes

    1 watch                           6 watches

    1 witch                            2 witches

    1 bus                                3 buses

     

     

    For nouns that end with the letter –f or –fe here are some examples and as you will see the –fe ending changes to –ives.

     

    1 wife                2 wives

    1 leaf                 5 leaves

    1 life                  2 lives

     

     

    Irregular plural forms

     

    1 man                2 men

    1 woman          3 women

    1 child               3 children

    1 mouse           4 mice

    1 baby               3 babies

    1 potato            10 potatoes

    1 tomato          6 tomatoes

     

     

    COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

     

    Countable nouns are things we can count using numbers

     

    They have a singular and a plural form.

     

    The singular form can be used with a number or ‘a’ or ‘an’ in front.  If you ask about the quantity (number) of a countable noun you will ask “how many” together with the plural of the countable noun.

     

    1 dog                 2 dogs

    1 horse             2 horses

    1 man                2 men

    1 chair              3 chairs

    1 house             6 houses

    A mouse           3 mice

    An eye               2 eyes

     

    Examples:        She has three dogs

    I own one dog

    He would like 2 plants.

     

    Uncountable nouns are things that we cannot count with numbers.  This includes qualities, weather and equipment and also objects that are too small to count.  These uncountable nouns are used as a singular verb and do not have a plural form.

     

    Tea                     Sugar                 Water                Air                      Sand                  Flour

    Rice                    Knowledge      Beauty              Anger                Salt                     Mustard

     

    Examples:        A pinch of salt

    A grain of sand

    A cup of tea

    A bag of flour

    A bag of sugar

    A jar of mustard

    A beach full of sand

    She has much knowledge

     

    Learning advanced English grammar is important when learning English, as it will help you improve your writing, reading and speaking.  This in turn will give you confidence to talk and communicate with others and know you will be understood.  Learning advanced English grammar gives you the ability to express yourself in discussions and also to communicate better when writing documents, letters and emails especially as technology plays such a large part of our lives.  Communication is very important in both general conversation and in a business world.  Practice will help you improve your English and remember that English is the official language of many countries in the world.

    Looking for more articles on Advanced English grammar? Try this from our blog or this from the British council blog.

    January 5, 2018
    5 January 2018,
     Off
  • 7 Day Free
    Online English Course

    Free

     

     

    Download

  • Free Guides

  • Free eBook

  • All our Teachers are
    Native English Speakers
    From US/UK

    Find A Teacher

  • Already know basic Grammar and Vocabulary?
    You need Practice Speaking.
    Not Theory!

    Try

     

    Our Method